Population and Work Force

Much of the indigenous Turks and Caicos’ population have descended from Africans brought to the Caribbean with Bermudians to work on the salt pans in the 1700’s and later the cotton plantations. There is also a large expatriate population of residents from North America, Europe and Asia.

The official language of the Turks and Caicos Islands is English; however, Creole, French and Spanish are spoken widely within the expatriate community.

Current estimates place the population of the Turks and Caicos at 42,953 persons in 2019, at the most recent census in 2012 the population was recorded at 31, 458. Grand Turk (Capital) and Providenciales serve as major urban areas with 5,000 persons located in the Capital, and 31,000 in Provo. The islands possess a strong working population which accounts for 55.24% (25-54 years) of the total population, of which 10,576 and 10,364 account for the males and females respectively.

Labor force – by occupation:

about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services

Unemployment rate:

7% (2019)

Population by island (2012 census)

Total Population by gender:

Age structure:

 Median age

Population growth rate:

3.9% (2019 est.)